(Due to the lack of discussion, following article is highly dependent to the “Paradise Lost” written by John Milton.)
Think of an evil character. What does he/she/it reminds you of? Ego? Dark? Is there actually a lucid, absolute way for a man to distinguish good and evil? To give an answer first, yes, there is. The Bible. The absolute, sincere, loving words. Personally, reading through Beowulf and Paradise Lost, I think the concept comes quite accurate and persuasive, though the subject of each pieces has a different tone of elaborating the good and evil.
First off, Beowulf rather shows the method what we nowadays call the ‘black and white‘ method. The good, the ones who ‘seem’ to care for public welfare, OBEY the one and only king. The evil, one who is different, who follows his instincts, perhaps the one with the creativity. It is clear that the concept of this story has exact set of era, but surely, it is applicable to our lives. I would say, that the good and evil here is more of a matter of outer appearance/ social relationships. On the other hand, Paradise Lost shows the definite evil, and proves the reason why evil is distinguished as evil. Evil, the weakness, constantly proves why its being is left weak by saying how ‘pleasantly they avoided serving, left out feels great, and being isolated is a great chance due to the opportunity to make their own community yet they are all left out and in pain from the withdrawal. Its ego is keep arguing how gracious they are to be by themselves, but the tone and diction Milton put for the evils show the fatal pain in them.
Though it is hard to understand what both authors are doing to elaborate the evil, it is clear that mankind always struggle to distinguish between good and evil. Whether it is right or wrong, appears in term of introvert or extrovert, it’s our curiousity what brought us here to crave for justice and the right answer, and to follow Christ. Thus, I would say no man has absolute answer to an absolute answer, we will find our way to live life and keep ourselves close to Christ, the righteous one, if we constantly ask ourselves how to deal with this issue.